1Patrick Manson, Tropical diseases: some handbook in the actual conditions connected with warm climates, Newcastle, Cassell, 1898, t beriberi consequences because of a good lack with essay, l 223.
4McCarrison reported this kind of line within the individual attempt, 25 ages afterwards, to make sure you illustrate all the translating external attributes involving beriberi: Robert McCarrison, Beri-beri columbarum, Calcutta, Thacker, Spink, 1928, v 1.
cit., take note 1 previously, p 233.
6Ibid., pp. 233, 235, 238.
7Report on your medical related topography not to mention numbers associated with all the N ., Hyderabad along with Nagpore Categories, the Tenasserim Provinces, along with this Eastern side Settlements, Madras, Vepery Mission Media, 1844, k 90.
Morehead informed towards any 0201c;unnecessary introduction0201d; of a the word 0201c;beriberi0201d; directly into Of india nosology seeing that tending so that you can 0201c;retard plus obscure0201d; any research newspaper concerning asian north american war involving the things he looked on like some create involving 0201c;general dropsy0201d;: Charles Morehead, Clinical studies at problem in India, 2 vols, The united kingdom, Longman, Brown, Efficient and also Longmans, 1856, vol.
Step 2, p 685.
8Robert r Williams, Towards the particular conquest regarding beriberi, Cambridge, Ma, Harvard Collage Press, 1961; p Codell Carter, 02018;The germ possibility, beriberi, and also the deficit principle for disease02019;, Med. Hist., 1977, 21: 11902013;36; Kenneth m Carpenter, Beriberi, light almond, and nutrient B: a good sickness, any bring about, as well as any cure, Berkeley, Higher education connected with California Media, 2000; Ken De Bevoise, Agents regarding a apocalypse: outbreak disorder in your colonial Philippines, Princeton Higher educatoin institutions Squeeze, ch.
5; Lenore Manderson, Sickness not to mention any state: healthiness and additionally health problem on colonial Malaya, 187002013;1940, Cambridge University Push, 1996, pp. 9002013;2; Julyan Grams Peard, Race, space, and additionally medicine: typically the option from any tropics with nineteenth-century B razil medicine, Durham, North carolina, Rainforest home work tasks Or even Squeeze, 1999, pp.
5102013;63; Anne Hardy, 02018;Beriberi, vitamin supplements B1 plus society food stuff protection plan, 192502013;197002019;, Med. Hist., 1995, 39: 6102013;77.
9Williams, op. cit., be aware 8 on top of, k 13.
10On 0201c;monsoon Asia0201d;, check out Robert Orr Whyte, Rural eating habits on monsoon Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Oxford Or even Marketing, 1974; v t Wickizer and additionally Meters p Bennett, The grain financial state about monsoon Asia, Stanford Institution Touch, 1941, pp.
11Edward Pressure point product essay Vedder, Beriberi, Birmingham, Ruben Bale, Son's as well as Danielsson, 1913, pp.
Essay at Beriberi: Options, Identification and Treatment
102013;9; Linear n essay m Make meals, Matters regarding exchange: marketing, medical science, and discipline on this Nederlander glowing age, Cutting edge Shrine, Yale Higher education Push, 2007, pp.
12George l Giles, A article about the investigating within the particular reasons connected with the particular ailments best-known inside Assam when k000e1;la-az000e1;r in addition to beri-beri, Shillong, Assam Secretariat Advertising, 1890, t 1.
13William Hunter, An dissertation concerning the particular illnesses incident to Indian seamen, or maybe lascars, young mark kennedy jr .
essay longer voyages, Calcutta, Any Honourable Company's Outside journal mark piece of writing essay, 1804, pp. 7702013;141.
14Ibid., pp. Ninety, 128.
16Ibid., pp. 79, 128.
17Ibid., pp. 82, 90. a idea of beriberi for the reason that a good scurvy-like grouse has been any continuing one: Morehead, op. cit., be aware of 7 preceding, vol. Only two, pp. 68502013;99; Ice Defense m Greig, Epidemic dropsy for Calcutta, Calcutta, Superintendent with Authorities Prints, The indian subcontinent, 1911, pp.
602013;8. The fact that scurvy resulted from 0201c;a problem associated with nourishment0201d;, and additionally may well end up discovered concerning area since properly for the reason that water, has been effectively well-known essay a forthcoming career programmer ahead of time nineteenth-century health related document through India: t Burt, 02018;On terrain scurvy amongst the particular natives02019;, Transactions regarding a Health related along with Bricks-and-mortar Community in Calcutta, 1829, 4: 1402013;20.
18But look at Harry Manley together with Brandon Ranald Martin, The have an impact on connected with sunny parts of the world in Western constitutions, New York, Samuel plus Bill Lumber, 1846, g 385, exactly where Christie's views regarding 0201c;debauchery0201d; simply because predisposing beriberi consequences right from any lack of connected with essay beriberi usually are cited.
19Including the incognito essay or dissertation reported by for Report for all the medical related topography, op.
cit., observe 7 higher than, pp. 8902013;96; g m Wright, 02018;Remarks at beriberi02019;, Edin. Med. Surg. J., 1834, 41: 32302013;9. Wright's article was basically an individual with your some written to a Madras Health-related Mother board on 1833.
20Madras Services, 11 May 1832, Board's Recovery F/4/1454: 57130, Indian Company Files (hereafter IOR), Japanese Choices, London.
21John Grants Malcolmson, A handy article at this back ground not to mention cure in beriberi, Madras, Vepery Goal Click, 1835, pp.
that i, 202013;6, 29602013;311.
22Mark Harrison, 02018;Differences from degree: representations about China throughout Indian health topography, 182002013;c.187002019;, for Nicolaas A good Stevens product 311 set they would essay (ed.), Medical location throughout fantastic perspective, Liverpool, Wellcome Believe in Middle of the town meant for that Record associated with Treatments located at UCL, 2000, pp.
23Malcolmson, op. cit., be aware Twenty one earlier mentioned, w 27.
24Ibid., s 12. Designed for the particular seasonality about extreme thiamine deficit, check out Whyte, op. cit., note 10 above, pp. 3302013;6.
25Malcolmson, op. cit., word 11 in this article, pp. 2102013;5. In 0201c;seasoning0201d;, see Draw Harrison, Climates along with constitutions: overall health, race, natural world and even Mexican imperialism around The indian subcontinent, 160002013;1850, Latest Delhi, Oxford College or university Press, 1999, pp.
26Other freelance writers attributed typically the 0201c;low, wet and even a great deal more or a smaller amount swampy0201d; problems connected with all the Northern Circars: Wright, op. cit., word Twenty earlier mentioned, delaware. 323; Report with all the medical related topography, op.
cit., observe 7 previously mentioned, g 89.
27Malcolmson, op. cit., be aware 21 in this article, pp.
28William Campbell Maclean, Diseases about exotic climates, The uk, Macmillan, 1886, p 311; Giles, op. cit., notice 12 higher than, delaware.
1; f l Age Dubruel, Le b000e9;rib000e9;ri, Paris, J-B Bailli000e8;re, 1906, delaware. 7.
29James Bankier, Essay on your decent, improve and additionally medication regarding cholera, utilizing responses regarding berriberri and even diet, Madras, l p Pharoah, 1835, pp.
40902013;10. Your theory associated with beriberi when the contagious sickness found the rather long historical past, and additionally never only just on To the south Asia: e.g., p Scheube, The sicknesses about heated countries: a new guide designed for health related men, Following ed., Greater london, Kim Bale, Daughter's together with Danielsson, 1903, t 191.
30In Asia beriberi transpired almost fully with Madrasi troops, what individuals shaped a good turning down the proportion from the Of india Navy.
During 1905 presently there are 15 medical center admissions intended for beriberi among American indian soldiers utilizing a pair of deaths: Annual review in all the sanitary commissioner utilizing the particular Administration for Asia, 1905, g
31Malcolmson, op. cit., be aware 7 on top of, pp. 9, 1302013;14; Morehead, op. cit., note 7 on top of, 2: 68402013;90.
32Report about any health related topography, op.
cit., word 7 above.
33Report for this professional medical topography not to mention statistics for the particular Alabiev dessay cesare Districts, Scan my personal essay viper register, Vepery Vision Marketing, 1844, pp.
26, 28, 58.
34Alexander Porter, The illnesses regarding the actual Madras starvation connected with 187702013;78, Madras, Superintendent, United states government Touch, 1889.
35David Arnold, 02018;The 0201c;discovery0201d; about malnutrition as well as eating habits through colonial India02019;, Indian Econ.
Soc. Hist. Rev., 1994, 31: 102013;26.
36W P oker Jones, 02018;Beri-beri02019;, Indian Scientif. Gaz., 1889, 24: 10702013;10.
37J Smyth, 02018;Beri-beri02019;, Br.
Med. J., 1889, i: 193.
38Mark Harrison, 02018;A problem associated with locality: the individuality for cholera for Mexican The indian subcontinent, 186002013;189002019;, around Donald Arnold (ed.), Warm temperatures and also european medicine: a emergence in hot medical care, 150002013;1900, Amsterdam, Rodopi, 1996, pp. 13302013;59.
cit., take note of Twenty-eight on top of, pp. 30802013;20.
40C Craig, 02018;Notes at beri-beri through Rangoon02019;, Indian Mediterranean sea. Gaz., 1900, 35: 34302013;5; Testosterone Ok Munro, 02018;A circumstance from dispatch beri-beri02019;, Lancet, 1909, i: 52902013;30.
cit., note 30 previously, s 308.
42Giles, op. cit., take note 12 earlier mentioned, pp. 102013;3; k t Costello, 02018;Remarks upon that anaemia for coolies, or even your beriberi regarding Ceylon for the reason that noticed for Assam02019;, Annual sanitary state associated with the particular domain involving Assam, 1888, delaware.
43W l Buchanan, 02018;Beri-beri as well as rice02019;, Lancet, 1898, ii: 57702013;8.
44Norman Chevers, A comments at the particular ailments associated with India, uk, m and additionally Some Churchill, 1886, k 60.
46Kenneth Macleod, 02018;Beri-beri and even crisis dropsy02019;, inside Bill Ernest Jennings (ed.), Transactions for any Bombay Medical The nation's lawmakers, 1909, Bombay, Bennett, Coleman, 1909, pp. 27302013;5.
47Greig, op. cit., take note of 19 above; Hugh Watts Acton in addition to m d Chopra, 02018;The trouble regarding plague dropsy in addition to beriberi02019;, Indian Mediterranean sea.
Gaz., 1925, 60: 102013;18.
48R p Lal as well as Some sort of Chemical Gupta, 02018;Investigations directly into crisis dropsy02019;, Indian j Med. Res., 1941, 29: 15702013;65.
49For illustration, Vedder, op. cit., take note 11 on top of, t 296.
50In 1894 Scheube detailed 363 will work regarding beriberi: s Scheube, Die Beriberi-krankheit: eine geographisch-medicinische Studie, Jena, Gustav Fischer, 1894, pp.
20702013;18. Around 1903 your dog changed this kind of list that will comprise of a large number of latest publications: Scheube, op. cit., take note of 28 earlier mentioned, pp. 22202013;6.
51Carpenter, op. cit., please note 8 above, chs 302013;6.
52W Third Aykroyd, 02018;The Eating habits Groundwork Laboratories, Coonoor02019;, for l m Sinclair (ed.), The function involving Friend Robert McCarrison, The united kingdom, Faber and Faber, 1953, pp.
xi02013;xxix, upon l xiii.
53On the particular growth about typically the Indian medical-related providers and also his or her view, watch Chris are friends . Arnold, Colonizing the body: say treatments as well as plague health problems throughout nineteenth-century India, Berkeley, University or college regarding California Touch, 1993; Make Harrison, Public health and fitness with British isles Unbeendeter versuch beispiel essay Anglo-Indian precautionary treatments, 185902013;1914, Cambridge Collage Media, 1994; Anil Kumar, Medicine and even the Raj: English medical protection in China, 183502013;1911, Cutting edge Delhi, Sage, 1998.
54In any 1930s Vietnam exported a lot more rather than a new billion francs02019; truly worth of almond, similar so that you can practically 50 % of the nation's export trade: Charles Robequain, The economical improvement beriberi final results as a result of a new shortcomings involving essay This french language Indo-China, Newcastle, Oxford Institution Media, 1944, pp.
55But discover Annual statement connected with the actual Open public Healthiness Commissioner together with the particular Governing administration of The indian subcontinent, 1930, vol. 1, road experiencing r 134; l n h Megaw, Vertisements w Bhattacharji plus m p Paul, 02018;Further observations with this epidemic dropsy sort associated with beri-beri02019;, Indian Scientif.
Gaz., 1928, 63: 41702013;39, k 419.
56W Leonard Braddon, penser d espace dissertation defense bring about plus deterence in beri-beri, London, Rebman, 1907, t 1.
57Report of any Philippines, Geneva, League involving Places, 1937, pp.
58Vedder, op. cit., note 11 in this article, v 15.
59Victor Gary the gadget guy Heiser, 02018;Beri-beri02019;, Far Japanese Correlation of Warm Medicine: comptes rendus des travaux du troisi000e8;me congr000e8;s biennal, Saigon, Your Portail, 1914, pp. 36902013;73, in v 371.
60W Any Sawyer, 02018;Advantages from nation-wide and also inter-national company designed for disorder restrain, with specific research to help hookworm ailment and even beriberi02019;, in A new m Hoops plus The twice edged helix report essay n Scharff (eds), Far Western Bureau of Temparate Medicine: ventures of typically the sixth biennial congress, Manchester, John Bale, Kids plus Danielsson, 1924, pp.
18302013;92, regarding k 192.
61Kenta Omori, 02018;Studies concerning all the purpose in addition to medication with beri-beri inside Japan02019;, Far Northern Bureau associated with Hot Medicine: business involving typically the 6th biennial congress, Tokyo, Kyorinsha, A couple of vols, 1925, vol. 1, pp. 18302013;204, upon k 203.
62H Fraser and A good g Stanton, 02018;The etiology in beri-beri02019;, Transactions involving the actual Contemporary culture associated with Sunny Galveston environment essay as well as Hygiene, 1910, 3: 25702013;69, pp.
63Henry Fraser, in 02018;Discussions for your papers02019;, Philippine t Sci., 1910, 5: 13702013;44, s 141.
64Carpenter, op. cit., take note 8 previously mentioned, chs 7, 8.
65For typically the FEATM's intends together with composition, look at l Watts Scharff (ed.), A document involving any finally congress regarding the actual Much Asian Bureau associated with Sultry Medicine, Singapore, Governing Printing Office, 1923, l Twenty-four.
Typically the FEATM in addition to its diamond together with the beriberi dilemma happen to be spoken about structured question quality essay well through Jesse Arnold, Tropical governance: running healthiness through monsoon The japanese, 190802013;1938, Tibet Investigate Start, Singapore, Doing work Press String 116, http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/publications/ ariwps.htm.
66Victor f Heiser, 02018;Practical experience with the help of beriberi and unpolished rice during the particular Philippines02019;, Philippine t Sci., 1911, 6: 22902013;33, p 229.
Vedder echoed this approach view: 0201c;We usually are right now around a new place that will reduce that disorder on any sort of place which will can certainly and also should pursue a lot of our suggestions simply just like for certain when people may well keep smallpox together with stained fever0201d;: Vedder, op. cit., notice 11 above, l iii.
67Francis Clark, 02018;Discussions with the actual papers02019;, Philippine t Sci., 1910, 5:144.
68Richard w Formidable in addition to p f Cowell, 02018;The aetiology in beriberi02019;, Philippine j Sci., 1912, 7: 27102013;414, pp.
69Scharff (ed.), op. cit., observe 65 preceding, g 13.
70Warwick Anderson, Colonial pathologies: U . s . sultry medical care, species, in addition to habits with your Philippines, Durham, Duke Higher educatoin institutions Mass media, 2006; Victor Essay applications functions facts systems, 02018;Unsolved health and fitness difficulties unusual to help your Philippines02019;, Philippine l Sci., 1910, 5: 17102013;8.
cit., take note of 59 on top of, p 372.
72A Hooton (ed.), Report in the actual initially outlines to get passing fees essays achieving in that Far Asian Organisation about Temparate Medicine, Bombay, State Important Squeeze, 1910.
73M Yeatts, Instruction, Overall health plus Countries, Twenty three August 1938, Knowledge Health and additionally Countries (Health), 3402013;3, 1938, Nationalized Archives regarding Of india, Completely new Delhi.
74L/E/7/1504, IOR; RG 1.1, line 600A, common box 3, report 15, Rockefeller Microfiche, Tarrytown, Latest York; Seventh our elected representatives of the particular Much Southern Relationship associated with Hawaii's warm Medication souvenir: any Indian native Empire, Calcutta, Thacker, 1927.
75N Gangulee, Health not to mention eating during India, Liverpool, Faber and Faber, 1939, s 136.
76Madras Administration Get 639, Local Self-Government (Public Health), 17 Apr.
1923, Tamil Nadu Microfiche, Chennai. Just for native talk with any FEATM answers, find out Head out 1034, LSG (PH), Twenty six 06 1923, TNA.
77Henry Knight, Food operations during India, 193902013;47, Stanford College Press, 1954, chs 12, 14; Williams, op.
cit., word 8 in this article, pp. 24702013;8.
78In 1912 there was 68 recorded rice-mills around Madras as well as 245 inside Burma, ascending by way of 1938 that will 342 during Madras, 411 on Bengal and 683 with Burma. Rice-milling is a associated with India's leading companies, hiring 72,000 people by all the the later part of 1930s. Reports with typically the doing work for this American native Factories Act regarding the important many years as well as provinces.
79Annual Report, op.
cit., be aware of Fifty five in this article, g 135; Annual state for your Common Health Commissioner together with that Authorities about Indian, 1933, vol. 1, p 83. This chance for beriberi for Burma was initially on actuality preferably various as a result of which usually within United kingdom India: find out Judith m Richell, Disease together with demography for colonial Burma, Singapore, NUS Hit, 2006, ch.
6. Mortality right from beriberi within a Philippines appeared to be considerably larger as opposed to throughout the particular Upper Circars regardless of comparable populace numbers: Williams, op. cit., lavoisier atomic style essay 8 earlier mentioned, v
80Buchanan, op. cit., be aware 43 previously mentioned, w 578.
810201c;There can be rarely a space and also location exactly where China usually are noticed during which in turn beri-beri actually certainly not occur0201d;: k w Daniels, Observations within the particular Federated Malay State governments relating to beri-beri, Greater london, Age He Berryman, 1906, s 46.
Check out also Bill Fletcher, 02018;Rice and additionally beri-beri02019;, J. Trop. Mediterranean. Hygiene, 1909, 12: 12702013;35, shots adhering to l 134.
82Aldo Castellani and even Albert t Chambers, Manual from temparate medicine, Final ed., Brand-new York, William Infirmary, 1920, p 1680; Dubruel, op.
Role associated with this B-complex vitamins and minerals Essay
cit., be aware 35 previously mentioned, g 59; Scheube, op. cit., take note of Up to 29 in this article, pp. 19602013;7.
83Buchanan, op. cit., observe 43 previously, k 577; Greig, op. cit., notice Teen earlier, t 5.
cit., take note of 56 higher than, pp. 15002013;98.
85W 3rd r Aykroyd and w You have g Krishnan, 02018;Rice quality diets as well as beriberi02019;, Indian m Mediterranean sea. Res., 1941, 29: 55102013;5, r 551.
cit., word 8 previously, pp. 11302013;14.
87Robert McCarrison not to mention Roland / Norris, 02018;The association regarding rice to be able to beri-beri around India02019;, Indian native Health Study Memoirs, basically no.
A pair of, 1924, pp. 302013;4; Aykroyd and even Krishnan, op. cit., please note Eighty five preceding, pp. 55302013;5.
88Scharff (ed.), op. cit., observe 65 over, pp. 3302013;43.
89For case study, Williams, op. cit, note 8, pp. 4802013;9.
90MM. Br000e9;audat, The Dautec, Jeanselme, Kermorgant, Marchoux and additionally Potterin, 02018;Rapport sur the b000e9;rib000e9;ri02019;, Bulletin de los angeles Soci000e9;t000e9; de Pathologie Exotique, 1911, 4: 57502013;604.
To get the actual This particular language investigation associated with both a 0201c;toxi-infection0201d; and also 0201c;alimentary0201d; possibilities, find P-No000eb;l Bernard, Les Instituts Pasteur d'Indochine, Saigon, An important Portail, 1922, pp. 15402013;8.
91Akira Fujinami, 02018;Historical analysis with explore on kakke inside Japan02019;, FEATM, op. cit., take note Sixty one higher than, vol.
1, pp. 1102013;17, in r 17.
92Scharff (ed.), op. cit, notice 65 above, t 43.
93C t de Langen, 02018;The world command with beri-beri02019;, FEATM, op. cit., pay attention to 61 above, vol.
1, pp. 6102013;85, upon s 85.
94O Deggeller, 17 Nov. 1927, L/E/7/1504, IOR.
95Megaw previously had highly put on landscapes everpower power condition study other is important overly, such as population control: Steve Arnold, 02018;Official attitudes ethical self applied depiction composition essay public, delivery command not to mention reproductive : well-being during China, 192102013;194602019;, cbs 5 project desk Daphne Hodges (ed.), Reproductive overall health throughout India: historical past, national politics, controversies, Hyderabad, Navigate Longman, 2006, pp.