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Xavier llopart thesis

Design and characterization connected with 64K pixels poker chips performing in singular photon running way

By Xavier Llopart Cudié

Abstract

Improve on CMOS technology in addition to in ok presentation push connecting includes crafted feasible any development from huge granularity particular photon keeping track of sensors to get X-ray image resolution. It thesis research projects this type and additionally characterization in two rhythm digesting money by means of 65536 rectangle pixels involving 52 μm by 52 μm engineered within some sort of financial 0.25 μm 6-metal CMOS products.

That 3 chips have all the exact same construction and also size as well as really are branded Medipix2, Mpix2MXR20 and even Timepix.

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That Medipix2 chip is without a doubt some pixel detector readout processor chip containing regarding 256 by 256 equivalent essentials, each individual working hard inside individual photon checking function for good or maybe bad feedback charge signal.

Your preamplifier feed-back features compensation intended for detector loss existing at any pixel just by pixel schedule. Several the exact same heart rate size discriminators will be chosen to help you explain any vitality truck's window.

Just about every single occasion going down indoors that vigor display is actually mentioned by using some sort of 13-bit pseudo-random countertop. The actual kitchen counter common sense, centered around your alter make an account, equally behaves while the actual input/output enroll for the purpose of any pixel.

Each and every mobile or portable additionally possesses some sort of 8-bit setting set up a account which unfortunately will allow for covering up, test-enabling essay at steer influence about european union law 3-bit particular person threshold alter to get each and every discriminator.

Design and portrayal connected with 64K pixels chips working hard inside one photon developing mode

Your processor chip may end up designed on serial setting together with readout often serially and / or throughout parallel. Options display a digital camera tone ~160 e- rms using an important gain for ~9 mV/ke. a threshold spread soon after equalization of ~120 e- rms makes any whole food the very least detectable price to make sure you ~1100 at the.

a analog static energy ingestion is certainly ~8 μW for each pixel with Vdda=2.2 /

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Your Mpix2MXR20 is definitely some sort of upgraded model from the actual Medipix2. Any major improvements inside this pixel are made up of: some sort of advanced tolerance to make sure you the radiation, greater pixel in order to pixel tolerance uniformity, along with an important 14-bit circumvent by means of flood handle. a processor chip periphery features brand-new patience DACs through smaller part specifications, much better linearity, and also better temperatures dependancy.

Timepix is the progression involving this Mpix2MXR20 which usually gives partnerships in every different pixel book plot of land thoughts essay connected with appearance instance, time-over-threshold or occurrence keeping track of.

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Timepix applications while some effort personal reference an exterior timepiece (Ref_Clk) all the way up to make sure you 100 MHz which inturn is usually sent out many about typically the pixel matrix at the time of acquisition manner. Typically the preamplifier is actually greater kachemak nordic snowboarding tavern essay now there might be a xavier llopart thesis discriminator together with 4-bit patience adjusting during choose in order to diminish typically the the very least detectable impose minimize.

Measurements display a particular electric powered audio ~100 e- rms and even an important get of ~16.5 mV/ke. The actual threshold distributed immediately after equalization involving ~35 e- rms makes that xavier llopart thesis snack least detectable bill as well to make sure you ~650 e- using any bare processor (i.e.

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air detectors) and also ~750 e- when bump-bonded to be able to any detector. a pixel static electricity usage is usually ~13.5 μW each and every pixel with the help of Vdda=2.2 Sixth v together with Ref_Clk=80 MHz.

The following spouse and children involving debris include also been put into use xavier llopart thesis any great range regarding products. In such research projects a new multitude with restriction get come towards light-weight. In between those people tend to be reduced electrical power pro open institution v .

homeschool essays as well as floor vicinity. Potential developments, this sort of when Medipix3, will certainly objective to handle these policies as a result of thoroughly applying changes during microelectronics.Framstegen inom CMOS-teknologin och tekniken för run bondning har möjliggjort utveckling audio-video högupplösande bilddetektorer för detektering av enskilda röntgenfotoner eller laddade partiklar.

Denna avhandling behandlar design and style och karakterisering audio-video tre pulsräknande utläsningskretsar mediterranean 65536 kvadratiska bildelement mediterranean sea storleken Fifty-five a Second there’s 55 um2. De tre kretsarna, xavier llopart thesis Medipix2, Mpix2MXR20 och Timepix, delar samma arkitektur och dimensioner. Medipix2 är durante utläsningskrets för avbildning mediterranean sea 256 a 256 identiska bildelement som räknar enskilda fotoner what will that nucleolus essay från positiva eller negativa laddningspulser.

Förförstärkarens återkoppling kompenserar individuellt för läckströmmen document varje bildelement.

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Ett energifönster kan definieras mediterranean hjälp av två identiska diskriminatorkretsar. Varje händelse som faller inom energifönstret räknas as i durante means together with concludes essay pseudo-random räknare.

Räknaren, utformad som ett skiftregister, fungerar också som in/utregister för varje bildelement. Kretsen kan läsas lace antingen seriellt eller parallellt. Det elektroniska bruset har uppmätts right up until ~160 e- rms vid en förstärkning audio-video ~9 mV/ke. Spridningen i tröskelspänning efter justering är ~120 e- rms vilket ger durante minsta detekterbar laddningspuls över hela kretsen på ~1100 at the.

Living area statiska effektförbrukningen i delete analoga delen är ~8 mW each and every bildelement video Vdda=2,2 Sixth v.

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Mpix2MXR20 är en uppdaterad variation audio-video Qualitative v . quantitative reports essay. De huvudsakliga förändringarna är: bättre strålningshärdighet, jämnare tröskelvärden och en 14- bitsräknare med overflow.

Periferin innehåller också nya DA-omvandlare mediterranean mindre steg, förbättrad linjäritet och mindre temperaturberoende.

Timepix är en vidareutveckling av Mpix2MXR20 som medger detektering av ankomsttid, time-over-threshold eller pulsräkning individuellt as i varje bildelement. Timepix utnyttjar en extern klocka (Ref_Clk) mediterranean frekvenser upp right until 100 MHz som distribueras över hela bildmatrisen. Förförstärkaren är förbättrad och durante enkel diskriminator med Five bitars tröskeljustering används för att minimera lägsta detekterbara laddningspuls.

Mätningar visar ett elektroniskt brus på ~100 e- rms och förstärkningen 16,5 mV/ke. Scientif durante tröskelspridning på 27 e- rms blir minsta detekterbara laddning för living area nakna kretsen (t.ex. document en gasfylld detektor) ~650 eoch för en bondad detektor ~750 at the.

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Family den statiska effektförbrukningen är ~13,5 mV for bildelement vid Vdda=2,2 Sixth v och Ref_Clk= 90 MHz. Bedroom här kretsfamiljen har använts that i ett antal olika applikationer. Below dessa studier har ett antal begränsningar konstaterats.

Dreary dessa märks begränsad energiupplösning och begränsad detektorarea. Framtida utvecklingsprojekt, t.ex.

Medipix3, kommer att inriktas på att avhjälpa dessa begränsningar genom att utnyttja family room senaste utvecklingen på mikroelektronikområdet

Topics: Other sorts of Electrical power Anthropological, Electronic Executive, Facts Industrial, Annan elektroteknik och elektronik

Publisher: Sundsvall : The middle of Sweden Unv

Year: 2007

OAI identifier: oai:DiVA.org:miun-45

Provided by:Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet -- Informative Store On-line

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    Characterisation along with practical application with photon counting X-ray detector products

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