Topic you Biological Substances Nucleic Stomach acids Student 2010501 S Composition

BIOLOGY

TENTH EDITION

Global Edition

Campbell • Reece • Urry • Cain • Wasserman • Minorsky • Jackson

5

Natural Macromolecules and Lipids

Subject 1 Neurological Molecules (Part 4)

Lecture Presentation by simply

Nicole Tunbridge and

Kathleen Fitzpatrick

© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.

Learning Outcome

a) Illustrate structure and composition of nucleic stomach acids,

DNA and RNA.

b) Discuss the importance of foundation pairing and hydrogen

developing.

©©

2015

Pearson

Education

Ltd

2011

Pearson

Education,

Inc.

Concept 5. five: Nucleic stomach acids store, transmit, and help

share hereditary info

a) The amino acid series of a polypeptide is

designed by a device of gift of money called

a ________________.

b) Genes consist of ___________, a nucleic acidity made

of monomers referred to as ________________.

© 2015 Pearson Education Limited

The Tasks of Nucleic Acids

a) There are two sorts of nucleic acids

a)_________________________ (DNA)

b)_________________________ (RNA)

b) DNA supplies directions due to its own _____________.

c) GENETICS directs synthesis of ____________________

and, through mRNA, controls __________ synthesis.

d) This method is called ________________________.

© 2015 Pearson Education Ltd

Number 5. 23-3

DNA

one particular Synthesis of

mRNA

mRNA

NUCLEUS

CYTOPLASM

mRNA

2 Movement of

mRNA into

cytoplasm

Ribosome

3 Activity

of necessary protein

Polypeptide

© 2015 Pearson Education Ltd

Amino

stomach acids

a) Each gene along a DNA molecule redirects synthesis of

a messenger RNA (mRNA)

b) The mRNA molecule interacts with the cell's proteinsynthesizing machinery to direct production of a polypeptide

c) The flow of genetic data can be described

as ________ → _________ → ______________

© 2015 Pearson Education Ltd

The constituents of Nucleic Acids

a) Nucleic stomach acids are polymers called _______________.

b) Each polynucleotide is manufactured out of monomers named

_________________________.

c) Each nucleotide consists of a __________________,

a _________________ sugar, and one or more

__________________ groups.

d) The percentage of a nucleotide without the phosphate

group is named a ____________________.

© 2015 Pearson Education Ltd

a) Nucleoside = nitrogenous foundation + sweets

b) There are two families of nitrogenous basics

a)_________________________ (cytosine, thymine, and

uracil) possess a single six-membered ring

b)________________________ (adenine and guanine)

include a six-membered ring fused to a five-membered

ring

c) In DNA, the sweets is _________________; in RNA,

the sugar is ___________________.

d) Nucleotide = nucleoside + phosphate group

© 2015 Pearson Education Ltd

Sugar-phosphate spine

(on blue background)

Exactly why is the sugars called pentose?

5′ end

Figure a few. 24a

What's the diff between nucleoside & nucleotide?

5′C

3′C

Nucleoside

Nitrogenous

base

5′C

1′C

5′C

3′C

Phosphate

group

Glucose

(pentose)

(b) Nucleotide

3′ end

(a) Polynucleotide, or nucleic acid solution

© 2015 Pearson Education Ltd

3′C

At which sugars C no . is:

my spouse and i.

phosphate fastened?

ii. Basics attached?

Physique 5. 24b

NITROGENOUS FACETS

Pyrimidines

Cytosine

(C)

Thymine

(T, in DNA)

Purines

Uracil

(U, in RNA)

1 . Exactly what the components

present in ALL these

bases?

2 . What angles are found

in

a. RNA?

b. DNA?

Adenine (A)

Guanine (G)

(c) Nucleoside components

© 2015 Pearson Education Ltd

Figure your five. 24c

Structural Similarity & Difference between

Sugars in DNA & RNA

SUGAR

Deoxyribose

(in DNA)

Ribose (in RNA)

(c) Nucleoside components

© 2015 Pearson Education Limited

Nucleotide Polymers

a) Nucleotides are connected together to develop a polynucleotide. b) Nearby nucleotides will be joined by a

_____________________ addition, which includes a

phosphate group that links the sugars of two nucleotides

(________ group upon ___ co2 of one nucleotide and

_____________ on ___ carbon around the next).

c) These backlinks...

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